World Autism Awareness Day 2022: World Autism Awareness Day: Parents Need to be Alert to Any Symptoms

Patients With Autism Find it Difficult To Express Themselves Through Words, Gestures, Facial Expressions, and Touch.

Autism is a disorder that is affecting more and more people. It is a complex condition that causes multiple problems in speaking, communicating and behaving. Patients with autism find it difficult to express themselves through words, gestures, facial expressions, and touch. As well as learning different new things can be a problem. Sometimes the victim’s skills develop unevenly. For example, even if there is a problem in the conversation, the patient may be unusually good in music, mathematics, memory or a certain art.

Autism Awareness Symptoms

But what are the early symptoms of this disease? Sourav Bandyopadhyay, a physician and pediatrician at Calcutta Medical College, told Anandabazar Online on World Autism Awareness Day that children have multiple stages of growth. Along with physical growth, social growth is also such a level. At this time, the baby smiles at the mother, points to something, or the baby makes a noise. That is, learning to walk in society begins. Failure to do this properly is a sign of autism spectrum disorder. Symptoms such as not associating with anyone, playing with only one toy in the midst of many toys, not showing interest in something new, not giving up by name or constantly remembering are some of the early symptoms of this disease.

“The problem can start with the newborn,” said Sourav. However, the main symptoms need to be checked before the age of going to school. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends special tests for children aged 18 to 24 months. ” He also said that if there is any discrepancy in the use of the child according to age, he should contact the doctor. However, in many cases, even normal babies can grow late, so Sourav’s advice to parents is, “The easiest way is to look at the card that is given with the polio vaccine.” Immunization cards are written in multiple languages ​​showing signs of normal growth and instinct in children according to age. Parents can see these steps together. If there is a disturbance, you need to contact the experts immediately. ”

Whose risk is higher?

Statistically, autism is four times more common in boys than in girls. However, the disease can occur in people of any ethnic group or social background. It has nothing to do with lifestyle. However, experts say that having a family history of the disease increases the risk of the disease. As well as having children at an older age, taking alcohol or anti-cesarean drugs during pregnancy increases the risk of having an autistic child. Although some studies have suggested that diabetes, obesity, phenylketonuria and rubella may increase the risk of the disease, experts say more detailed research is needed.


There is still no specific cure for autism. But if caught early, the development of a child with autism may be easier. Therefore, if symptoms appear, it is necessary to tell the doctor as soon as possible. In addition to the necessary medications, the patient is treated through a variety of behavioral and communication therapies, integration therapy, the use of audio-visual media, and the practice of a variety of creative habits.

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